Bank of Canada releases
Monetary Policy Report Update
The Bank of Canada released its July Monetary Policy Report Update. In it,
the Bank described three major developments affecting the Canadian economy:
protracted weakness in the U.S. economy, ongoing turbulence in global financial
markets, and sharp increases in the prices of certain commodities, particularly
energy. While the first two developments are evolving roughly in line with
expectations outlined in the April Monetary Policy Report, many commodity prices
continue to outpace earlier expectations, which has altered the outlook for
global and domestic inflation.
The Update noted that although economic growth in Canada in the first quarter
of 2008 was weaker than expected, final domestic demand – supported by strong
terms of trade – continued to expand at a solid pace.
The Canadian economy is judged to have moved into slight excess supply in the
second quarter of 2008. Excess supply is expected to increase through the
balance of the year. High terms of trade, accommodative monetary policy, and a
gradual recovery in the U.S. economy are expected to generate above-potential
economic growth starting early next year, bringing the economy back to full
capacity around mid-2010.
Assuming energy prices follow current futures prices, total CPI inflation is
projected to rise temporarily above 4 per cent, peaking in the first quarter of
2009. As energy prices stabilize and with medium-term inflation expectations
remaining well anchored, total inflation is projected to converge to the core
rate of inflation at the 2 per cent target in the second half of 2009. Core
inflation is projected to remain well contained.
The three major developments affecting the Canadian economy pose significant
upside and downside risks to the projection. On the upside, domestic demand
could be greater than projected, potential output growth could be lower than
assumed, and global inflationary pressures could lead to higher-than-projected
import costs for Canada.
On the downside, commodity prices could be weaker than assumed, U.S. growth
could be weaker than expected, and continued strains in global financial markets
could have a greater-than-projected impact on global growth and the cost and
availability of credit in Canada. Weighing the implications of these
considerations, the Bank views the risks to its projection for inflation as
Against this backdrop, the Bank judges that the current level of the target
for the overnight rate – 3 per cent – remains appropriate. The Bank will
continue to monitor carefully the evolution of risks, together with economic and
financial developments in the Canadian and global economies, and set monetary
policy consistent with achieving the 2 per cent inflation target over the medium